Early Detection and Prevention of Oesophago-gastric Cancer inc. Oesophageal Cancer and Gastric Cancers (P) | Lesson 2: Early Detection and Prevention of Oesophago-gastric Cancers (P)
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Signs and Symptoms
Note each part of the image to identify symptoms of oesophago-gastric cancer:
- Scales: unexplained weight loss or loss of appetite. Patients often report ‘not wanting to eat’, ‘food sticking’ etc. In summary the following need to be watched for: unexplained weight loss, persistent vomiting, tiredness (anaemia) and upper abdominal pain. Symptoms of dyspepsia (indigestion) are common – 40% of the population are reported to experience these symptoms each year.
- Upper chest: Indigestion or heartburn on or off for 3 weeks or more.
- Stomach: feeling full earlier than normal. Symptoms associated with gastrointestinal bleeding. e.g. nausea, abdominal pain and fatigue
- Throat: Difficulty swallowing food for any length of time (this is a Red Flag Symptom). Many patients describe food 'sticking' when swallowing.
- Blood vessel in arm: iron deficiency anaemia shown as fatigue and/or breathlessness.
- OTC medicines: antacids, heartburn liquid – persistent use can cover up signs of cancer.